Great Alpine Road Visitor Guide

THE GREAT ALPINE ROAD VISITOR GUIDE I PAGE 71 BAIRNSDALE Bairnsdale’s evolution Originally inhabited by the Gunaikurnai people, the first European to settle in the area in 1842 was Frederick Jones who utilised the land at what is now known as Lucknow to breed horses for the Indian market. Archibald Macleod took up land in the area now covered by the present town, naming his run ‘Bernisdale’ after his birthplace on the Isle of Skye. Legend has it that the name was changed to its present spelling when Macleod noted the number of ‘bairns’ (children) within the settlement, though it is just as likely that it as changed to fit local pronunciation. With its favourable access to the river and the sea via the Gippsland Lakes the town grew in the 1850s and 1860s becoming a supply port for the East Gippsland goldfields. The hops cultivated in the Mitchell Valley between 1868 and 1916 were also transported to Bairnsdale for shipment to the hop kilns. A post office was set up in 1856 and the township was surveyed and gazetted the following decade. A police station was established in 1862, followed by a courthouse, school and post office in 1868. The decades to follow saw a variety of industries emerge including the railway from Melbourne arriving in 1888, a tannery, mining tool production, ice and butter factories, a fruit cannery and an attempt to develop an oil seed industry between 1890 and 1910. The 1920s saw immigrants from the south of Italy begin to arrive resulting in the production of vegetables as a major industry. Some of Victoria’s earliest examples of an Australian style of architecture can be found in Bairnsdale. Bairnsdale’s courthouse, opened in 1894, is among the town’s prominent examples of Victoria’s earliest architectural styles. OPEN 7 DAYS 10am - 5pm Located at the Old Butter Factory, enter by Paynesville Road Phone 0456 646 461 5/2 Macleod Street, Bairnsdale C17153 BAIRNSDALE BAZAAR Antiques, Collectables, Vintage, Retro, Man Cave, Football Memorabilia and Jewellery With over 30 stalls, you’ll never know what you will find! Antiques & Centre Collectables

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